History of ELO rating lists 1970-2000

That missing Elo ratings from the past are tough challenge for any chess historian is no surprise to anybody. The official FIDE site only provides ratings from 2000 onwards and benoni.de site allowes to check ratings back to 1990. Unfortunately due to fact it operates on FIDE IDs it does not handle player federation transfers well. It does not provide historical info on deceased players either. This should no longer be the issue since with the support of many people of good will OlimpBase men finally compiled complete Elo rating list 1971-2000. Based on official, registered data solely, so no rubbish. Ratings prior to 1975 were taken from Chessmile site (not available anymore) while the rest were provided by indispensable Mark Weeks as appeared in past Informant volumes. See Mark's blog for more details. Things are not so simple though. Over decades nobody took care of preserving rating history. To compile the reliable and standarized list is still a challenge. The provided list does not deal with the problem of unproper spelling of some of players' names or even some rating calculation errors which were common in pre-computer era. It is because the rating lists originate from different sources. Some lists used only acronyms of first names, and some did not. Spelling is sometimes inconsistant over years too (very frequent as far as Arab or ex-Soviet players are concerned). It isn't so bad e.g. with Krasenkov, M following Krasenkov, Mikhail, but what about Tseshkovsky and Cheshkovsky? Not to mention that some more complicated names seem to appear in more than two variations (check e.g. Arne Vinje-Gulbrandsen). For practical purposes our table should be fine, but for sake of purity, and probably future incorporation on to FIDE official database, we should do our best to make the database top quality. So far only names starting with letter "A" have been standarized. The rest of alphabet still waits for its turn. We are looking for wit volunteers who would contribute a few days on providing the most complete and standarized Elo table database to World's chess community. Please contact us for details. Most of corrections needed to be input are fairly simple, like merging Vilela, J L and Vilela, Jose Luis into one record. More difficult ones may be discussed separately one by one. Download Elo tables 1971-2000 file (8,9 MB, includes auxillary file useful for volunteers only): http://www.olimpbase.org/doc/elo1971-2000.zip

Links: fide.com - official FIDE rating list (2000-)
benoni.de - online searchable database (1990-) but vulnerable (e.g. doesn't handle federation changes correctly)
Mark Weeks' blog - Mark's remarks on historic rating tables
Mark Weeks' blog part 2 - source files
All time ratings - top 10 ratings on every list 1970-1997
Shakkihistoriaa: ELO Top Ten 1970-2009 - another source with all list leaders from 1970 [FI]
Chessmetrics - not a real rating system but well known and respected all over the world. By Jeff Sonas
Live top list - see who's virtual leader at the moment


See context-sensitive help
effective players leaders TXT XLS GIF sources remarks
1 Jul 1971 592 1. Fischer 2760
2. Spassky 2690
3. Korchnoi 2670
4. Larsen 2660
5. Petrosian 2640
6. Polugaevsky 2640
xls xls xls British Chess Magazine 19/1971, pp.436-475, Jack O'Kelly not all women covered, no titles


Last               First          Country                Born        Died        Best5Y     1/1/78
Addison            William        United States          1933        ....        2475        ....
Ahues              Carl           West Germany           1883        1968        2490        ....
Alapin             Semion         Russia/Germany         1856        1923        2500        ....
Alatortsev         Vladimir       Soviet Union           1909        ....        2480        ....
Alberoni           Edward         United States          ....        ....        2370        ....
Albin              Adolph         Romania/Austria        1848        1920        2450        ....
Alekhine           Alexander      Russia/France          1892        1946        2690        ....
Alexander          Conel Hugh O'D Ireland/England        1909        1974        2475        ....
Anderson           Frank          Canada                 1928        ....        2450        ....
Anderssen          Adolph         Germany                1818        1879        2600        ....
Andersson          Ulf            Sweden                 1951        ....        2610        2545
Andersson          Erik           Denmark                1885        1938        2480        ....
Antoshin           Vladimir       Soviet Union           1929        ....        2550        2440
Apscheneek         Franz          Lithuania              1894        1941        2430        ....
Aronin             Lev            Soviet Union           1920        ....        2520        2420
Asztalos           Lajos          Hungary                1889        1956        2480        ....
Atkins             Henry          England                1872        1955        2540        ....
Averbakh           Yuri           Soviet Union           1922        ....        2615        2520
Baird              David          United States          1854        1913        2350        ....
Balanel            Ion            Romania                1926        ....        2420        ....
Barasz             Zsigmond       Hungary                1878        1935        2440        ....
Barcza             Gedeon         Hungary                1911        ....        2550        2420
Barda              Olaf           Norway                 1909        1971        2420        ....
Barendregt         Johan          Holland                1924        ....        2390        2315
Barnes             Thomas Wilson  England                1825        1874        2410        ....
Bauer              Johann         Austria                1861        1891        2460        ....
Becker             Albert         Austria/Argentina      1896        ....        2490        ....
Bely               Miklos         Hungary                1913        1970        2470        ....
Beni               Alfred         Austria                1923        ....        2380        2225
Benko              Pal            Hungary/USA            1928        ....        2570        2485
Berger             Johann         Austria                1845        1933        2495        ....
Berger             Bela           Hungary/Australia      1931        ....        2390        ....
Bernstein          Ossip          Russia/France          1882        1962        2590        ....
Bertok             Mario          Yugoslavia             1929        ....        2460        2415
Bilek              Istvan         Hungary                1932        ....        2500        2445
Bird               Henry          England                1830        1908        2440        ....
Bisguier           Arthur         United States          1929        ....        2500        2425
Blackburne         Joseph         England                1841        1924        2570        ....
Blau               Max            Germany/Switzerland    1918        ....        2430        ....
Blumenfeld         Benjamin       Russia                 1884        1947        2390        ....
Bobotsov           Milko          Bulgaria               1931        ....        2500        2405
Boden              Samuel         England                1826        1882        2470        ....
Bogatyrtschuk      Fedor          Russia/Canada          1892        ....        2500        ....
Bogoljubov         Efim           Russia/Germany         1899        1952        2610        ....
Bolbochan          Julio          Argentina              1920        ....        2545        ....
Bolbochan          Jacobo         Argentina              1906        ....        2430        ....
Boleslavsky        Isaac          Soviet Union           1919        1977        2650        ....
Bondarevsky        Igor           Soviet Union           1913        ....        2570        ....
Book               Eero           Finland                1910        ....        2500        2290
Botvinnik          Mikhail        Soviet Union           1911        ....        2720        ....
Bouwmeester        Hans           Holland                1929        ....        2440        2420
Breyer             Gyula          Hungary                1894        1921        2500        ....
Brinckmann         Alfred         West Germany           1891        1967        2470        ....
Brody              Miklos         Hungary                1877        1949        2430        ....
Bronstein          David          Soviet Union           1924        ....        2670        2570
Buckle             Henry          England                1821        1862        2480        ....
Burn               Amos           England                1848        1925        2530        ....
Byrne              Robert         United States          1928        ....        2570        2550
Byrne              Donald         United States          1930        1976        2500        ....
Canal              Esteban        Peru/Italy             1896        ....        2500        ....
Capablanca         Jose           Cuba                   1888        1942        2725        ....
Carls              Carl           West Germany           1880        1958        2450        ....
Caro               Horatio        England                1862        1920        2470        ....
Castaldi           Vincenzo       Italy                  1916        1970        2450        ....
Chajes             Oscar          Germany/USA            1873        1928        2440        ....
Charousek          Rudolph        Bohemia/Hungary        1873        1900        2570        ....
Chekhover          Vitaly         Soviet Union           1908        1965        2520        ....
Chigorin           Mikhail        Russia                 1850        1908        2600        ....
Christoffel        Martin         Switzerland            1922        ....        2320        ....
Ciocaltea          Victor         Romania                1932        ....        2470        2455
Ciric              Dragoljub      Yugoslavia             1935        ....        2530        2430
Cobo               Arteaga        Cuba                   1929        ....        2430        2395
Cohn               Erich          Germany                1884        1918        2480        ....
Cohn               Wilhelm        Germany                1859        1913        2450        ....
Colle              Edgar          Belgium                1897        1932        2490        ....
Cortlever          Nicolaas       Holland                1915        ....        2460        2405
Cuellar            Gachama        Colombia               1916        ....        2470        2365
Czerniak           Moshe          Poland/Israel          1910        ....        2460        2345
Czvetkov           Alexandre      Bulgaria               1914        ....        2410        ....
Dake               Arthur         United States          1910        ....        2470        2355
Damjanovic         Mato           Croatia                1927        ....        2470        2455
de Riviere         Jules          France                 1830        1905        2450        ....
DeGreiff           Boris          Colombia               1930        ....        2380        2335
Delmar             Eugene         United States          1841        1909        2420        ....
Dely               Peter          Hungary                1934        ....        2470        2445
Denker             Arnold         United States          1914        ....        2470        2340
DeVere             Cecil          England                1845        1875        2450        ....
Doda               Zbigniew       Poland                 1931        ....        2420        2405
Donner             Hein           Holland                1927        ....        2500        2490
Dubinin            Peter          Soviet Union           1909        ....        2450        ....
Dubois             Serafino       Italy                  1817        1899        2550        ....
Duckstein          Andreas        Hungary/Austria        1927        ....        2450        2425
Dufresne           Jean           Germany                1829        1893        2370        ....
Dunkelblum         Arthur         Poland/Belgium         1906        ....        2400        2250
Duras              Oldrich        Czechoslovakia         1882        1957        2580        ....
Durasevic          Bozidar        Yugoslavia             1933        ....        2485        ....
Dus Chotimirsky    Fedor          Soviet Union           1879        1965        2440        ....
Ekstrom            Folke          Sweden                 1906        ....        2470        ....
Eliskases          Erich          Austria/Argentina      1913        ....        2560        2430
Enevoldsen         Jens           Denmark                1907        ....        2430        ....
Engels             Ludwig         Germany/Brazil         1905        1967        2460        ....
Englisch           Berthold       Austria                1851        1897        2520        ....
Erdelyi            Stefan         Hungary/Romania        1905        1963        2430        ....
Esser              Johannes       Holland/USA            1877        1946        2320        ....
Estrin             Yakov          Soviet Union           1923        ....        2450        2430
Euwe               Max            Holland                1901        ....        2650        ....
Evans              Larry          United States          1932        ....        2560        2530
Exner              Cornel         Hungary                1867        1938        2400        ....
Fahrni             Hans           Bohemia/Switzerland    1874        1939        2480        ....
Fairhurst          William        England/New Zealand    1903        ....        2440        ....
Falkbeer           Ernst          Austria                1819        1885        2410        ....
Farre              Miguel         Spain                  1936        ....        2440        ....
Fazekas            Stephan        Hungary/England        1898        1967        2380        ....
Fichtl             Jiri           Czechoslovakia         1921        ....        2450        2310
Filip              Miroslav       Czechoslovakia         1928        ....        2560        2500
Fine               Reuben         United States          1914        ....        2660        ....
Fischer            Robert         United States          1943        ....        ....        2780
Flamberg           Alexander      Poland                 1880        1926        2480        ....
Flesch             Janos          Hungary                1933        ....        2460        2435
Flohr              Salomon        Poland/USSR            1908        ....        2620        ....
Florian            Tibor          Hungary                1919        ....        2430        ....
Foguelman          Alberto        Argentina              1923        ....        2400        2335
Foltys             January        Czechoslovakia         1908        1952        2530        ....
Forgacs            Leo            Hungary                1881        1930        2520        ....
Forintos           Gyozo          Hungary                1935        ....        2480        2435
Freymann           Sergei         Russia                 1882        1946        2420        ....
Fritz              Alexander      Germany                1857        1932        2350        ....
Frydman            Paulin         Poland/Argentina       1905        ....        2500        ....
Fuchs              Reinhard       East Germany           1934        ....        2460        ....
Fuderer            Andrija        Yugoslavia             1931        ....        2540        ....
Furman             Semen          Soviet Union           1920        1978        2610        2525
Fuster             Geza           Hungary/Canada         1910        ....        2370        2280
Geller             Efim           Soviet Union           1925        ....        2655        2590
Gereben            Erno           Hungary/Switzerland    1907        ....        2460        2270
German             Eugenio        Brazil                 1930        ....        2410        ....
Gilg               Karl           West Germany           1901        ....        2470        ....
Gipslis            Aivars         Soviet Union           1937        ....        2580        2525
Giustolisi         Alberto        Italy                  1928        ....        2330        2285
Gligoric           Svetozar       Yugoslavia             1923        ....        2620        2565
Goglidze           Viktor         Soviet Union           1905        1964        2430        ....
Golmayo            Manuel         Cuba/Spain             1883        1973        2390        ....
Golmayo            Zupide         Spain/Cuba             1820        1898        2380        ....
Golombek           Harry          England                1911        ....        2450        ....
Gossip             George         England                1841        1907        2310        ....
Grau               Roberto        Argentina              1900        1944        2430        ....
Gregory            Bernhard       Estonia/USSR           1883        ....        2330        ....
Grigoriev          Nikolay        Soviet Union           1895        1938        2440        ....
Grob               Henry          Bohemia/Switzerland    1904        1974        2440        ....
Gruenfeld          Ernst          Austria                1893        1962        2550        ....
Guimard            Carlos         Argentina              1913        ....        2480        2410
Gunsberg           Isidor         Hungary/England        1854        1930        2560        ....
Gygli              Fritz          Germany                1896        ....        2410        ....
Haag               Ervin          Hungary                1933        ....        2470        2430
Halprin            Alexander      United States          1868        1921        2380        ....
Hamppe             Carl           Austria                1814        1876        2410        ....
Hanham             Moore          United States          1840        1923        2360        ....
Hanstein           Wilhelm        Germany                1811        1850        2480        ....
Harmonist          Mac            Germany                1864        1907        2420        ....
Harrwitz           Daniel         Germany/France         1823        1884        2520        ....
Havasi             Kornel         Hungary                1892        1945        2460        ....
Heinicke           Herbert        West Germany           1905        ....        2480        2380
Helling            Karl           Germany                1904        1937        2460        ....
Henneberke         Franciscus     Holland                1925        ....        2420        ....
Hirschfeld         Philipp        Germany                1840        1896        2410        ....
Hodges             Albert         United States          1861        1944        2450        ....
Honfi              Karoly         Hungary                1933        ....        2480        2420
Honlinger          Baldur         Austria/Germany        1905        ....        2460        ....
Horowitz           Israel Albert  United States          1907        1973        2510        ....
Horwitz            Bernhard       Germany/England        1807        1885        2420        ....
Hromadka           Karel          Austria/CSSR           1887        1956        2440        ....
Hruby              Vincenz        Austria                1856        1917        2480        ....
Ilivitzky          Georgi         Soviet Union           1921        ....        2490        ....
Ilyin Zhenevsky    Alexander      Soviet Union           1894        1941        2460        ....
Ivkov              Borislav       Yugoslavia             1933        ....        2570        2515
Jaenisch           Carl           Russia                 1813        1872        2360        ....
Jaffe              Charles        USA                    1883        1941        2430        ....
Janosevic          Dragoljub      Yugoslavia             1923        ....        2470        2455
Janowski           David          Poland/France          1868        1927        2570        ....
Jasnogrodsky       Nicolai        Russia/USA             1859        1914        2320        ....
Jimenez            Zerguera       Cuba                   1928        ....        2420        2375
John               Walter         Germany/Switzerland    1879        ....        2460        ....
Johner             Paul           Switzerland/Germany    1887        1938        2480        ....
Johner             Hans           Switzerland            1889        1975        2430        ....
Joukhovitzky       Samouil        Soviet Union           1916        ....        2480        ....
Judd               Max            Poland/USA             1852        1906        2450        ....
Junge              Klaus          Chile/Germany          1924        1945        2560        ....
Kagan              Bernard        Germany                1866        1932        2320        ....
Kaila              Osmo           Finland                1916        ....        2440        ....
Kan                Ilya           Soviet Union           1909        ....        2510        ....
Karaklajic         Nikola         Yugoslavia             1926        ....        2490        2460
Karpov             Anatoly        Soviet Union           1951        ....        ....        2725
Kashdan            Isaac          United States          1905        ....        2570        ....
Kasparian          Genrikh        Armenia                1910        ....        2430        ....
Katetov            Miroslav       Czechoslovakia         1918        ....        2440        ....
Kaufman            Arthur         Austria                1872        ....        2490        ....
Keller             Rudolph        West Germany           1917        ....        2420        ....
Keres              Paul           Estonia/USSR           1916        1977        2670        ....
Khassin            Abram          Soviet Union           1923        ....        2450        2405
Kholmov            Ratmir         Soviet Union           1925        ....        2620        2540
Kieninger          Georg          West Germany           1902        1975        2490        ....
Kieseritzky        Lionel         Germany/France         1806        1853        2480        ....
Kluger             Gyula          Hungary                1914        ....        2460        2360
Kmoch              Hans           Austria                1894        1973        2475        ....
Koch               Berthold       East Germany           1899        ....        2440        ....
Kolarov            Atanas         Bulgaria               1934        ....        2460        2435
Kolisch            Ignatz         Hungary/Austria        1837        1889        2570        ....
Koltanowski        George         Belgium/USA            1903        ....        2450        ....
Konig              Imre           Hungary/USA            1901        ....        2440        ....
Konstantinopolsky  Alexander      Soviet Union           1910        ....        2520        ....
Korchnoi           Viktor         Switzerland            1931        ....        2665        2665
Kostic             Bora           Hungary/Yugoslavia     1887        1963        2520        ....
Kotov              Alexander      Soviet Union           1913        ....        2620        2470
Kottnauer          Cenek          Bohemia/England        1910        ....        2450        ....
Kozma              Julius         Czechoslovakia         1929        ....        2410        2360
Kozomara           Vlado          Yugoslavia             1922        ....        2390        2370
Kramer             Haije          Holland                1917        ....        2410        ....
Kupchik            Abraham        Poland/USA             1892        1970        2480        ....
Kupper             Josef          Switzerland            1932        ....        2380        ....
Landau             Salo           Poland/Holland         1903        1944        2480        ....
Lange              Max            Germany                1832        1899        2440        ....
Larsen             Bent           Denmark                1935        ....        2620        2620
Lasker             Emanuel        Germany/England        1868        1941        2720        ....
Lasker             Edward         Germany/USA            1885        ....        2470        ....
Lebedev            Sergei         Russia                 1868        1942        2440        ....
Lee                Frank          England                1858        1909        2450        ....
Lehmann            Heinz          West Germany           1920        ....        2450        2405
Lengyel            Levente        Hungary                1933        ....        2480        2430
Leonhardt          Paul           Germany                1877        1934        2500        ....
Letelier           Martner        Chile                  1915        ....        2410        2310
Levenfish          Grigory        Soviet Union           1889        1961        2540        ....
Levitsky           Stefan         Russia                 1876        1924        2450        ....
Lilienthal         Andrei         USSR/Hungary           1911        ....        2570        2385
Lipke              Paul           Germany                1870        1955        2520        ....
Lipschuetz         Samuel         Hungary/USA            1863        1905        2510        ....
Lisitsyn           Georgy         Soviet Union           1909        1972        2520        ....
Ljubojevic         Ljubomir       Yugoslavia             1950        ....        2610        2605
Lokvenc            Josef          Austria                1899        1974        2460        ....
Lowenthal          Johann         Hungary/England        1810        1876        2510        ....
Lowtzky            Moishe         Poland                 1881        1940        2440        ....
Lundin             Erik           Sweden                 1904        ....        2530        2375
MacDonnell         George         Ireland/England        1830        1899        2410        ....
MacKenzie          George         Scotland/USA           1837        1891        2560        ....
Maderna            Carlos         Argentina              1910        1975        2450        ....
Makarczyk          Kazimierz      Poland                 1901        1972        2460        ....
Makogonov          Vladimir       Soviet Union           1904        ....        2530        ....
Malutin            Boris          Russia                 1883        1920        2370        ....
Marchland          Max            Holland                1888        1957        2420        ....
Marco              Georg          Austria                1863        1923        2520        ....
Maric              Rudolph        Yugoslavia             1927        ....        2450        2420
Maroczy            Geza           Hungary                1870        1951        2620        ....
Marshall           Frank          United States          1877        1944        2570        ....
Martinez           Aristides      United States          1835        1922        2390        ....
Mason              James          Ireland/USA            1849        1905        2530        ....
Matanovic          Aleksandar     Yugoslavia             1930        ....        2570        2505
Mattison           Herman         Latvia                 1894        1932        2510        ....
Matulovic          Milan          Yugoslavia             1935        ....        2550        2525
Mayet              Carl           Germany                1810        1868        2330        ....
Mecking            Henrique       Brazil                 1952        ....        2608        2630
Medina Garcia      Antonio        Spain                  1919        ....        2440        2345
Meitner            Philipp        Germany                1838        1910        2380        ....
Menchik            Vera           Russia/England         1906        1944        2350        ....
Merenyi            Lajos          Hungary                1884        1936        2410        ....
Metger             Johannes       Germany                1850        1926        2410        ....
Michel             Pablo          Germany/Argentina      1905        ....        2480        ....
Mieses             Jacques        Germany/England        1865        1954        2490        ....
Mikenas            Vladas         Lithuania/USSR         1910        ....        2540        2410
Milev              Zdravko        Bulgaria               1929        ....        2470        ....
Milic              Borislav       Yugoslavia             1925        ....        2510        ....
Minckwitz          Johannes       Germany                1843        1901        2435        ....
Minev              Nikolay        Bulgaria               1931        ....        2440        2390
Minic              Dragoljub      Yugoslavia             1937        ....        2480        2425
Mitchell           Reginald       England                1873        1938        2420        ....
Moiseev            Oleg           Soviet Union           1925        ....        2470        2425
Monticelli         Mario          Italy                  1902        ....        2440        ....
Morphy             Paul           United States          1837        1884        2690        ....
Muffang            Andre          France                 1897        ....        2430        ....
Muhring            Willem         Holland                1913        ....        2440        ....
Muller             Hans           Austria                1896        1971        2440        ....
Naegeli            Oskar          Switzerland            1885        1959        2450        ....
Nagy               Geza           Hungary                1892        1953        2470        ....
Najdorf            Miguel         Poland/Argentina       1910        ....        2635        2525
Napier             William        England/USA            1881        1952        2500        ....
Nedeljkovic        Srecko         Yugoslavia             1923        ....        2490        ....
Neikirkh           Oleg           Bulgaria               1914        ....        2460        ....
Nenarokov          Vladimir       Soviet Union           1880        1953        2430        ....
Neumann            Gustav         Germany                1838        1881        2570        ....
Neumann            Augustin       Austria                1880        1906        2470        ....
Nezhmetdinov       Rashid         Soviet Union           1912        1974        2480        ....
Nimzowitsch        Aaron          Russia/Denmark         1886        1935        2615        ....
Noa                Josef          Hungary                1856        1903        2410        ....
Novotelnov         Nikolai        Soviet Union           1911        ....        2420        ....
Nyholm             Gustav         Sweden                 1880        1957        2420        ....
Ojanen             Kaarle         Finland                1918        ....        2450        ....
O'Kelly de Galway  Alberic        Belgium                1911        ....        2530        2460
Olland             Adolph         Holland                1867        1933        2450        ....
Opocensky          Karel          Czechoslovakia         1892        1975        2460        ....
Osnos              Viacheslav     Soviet Union           1935        ....        2540        2490
Ostojic            Predrag        Yugoslavia             1938        ....        2480        2420
Owen               John           England                1827        1901        2380        ....
Pachman            Ludek          CSSR/BRD               1924        ....        2560        2515
Palau              Louis          Argentina              1896        1971        2340        ....
Panov              Vasily         Soviet Union           1906        1973        2470        ....
Paoli              Enrico         Italy                  1908        ....        2350        2280
Paulsen            Louis          Germany                1833        1891        2550        ....
Paulsen            Wilfried       Germany                1828        1901        2350        ....
Pelikan            Jorge          CSSR/Argentina         1906        ....        2440        2340
Perez Perez        Francisco      Spain/Cuba             1920        ....        2430        2280
Perlis             Julius         Austria                1880        1913        2500        ....
Petrosian          Tigran         Soviet Union           1929        ....        2680        2620
Petrov             Alexander      Russia                 1794        1867        2530        ....
Petrov             Vladimir       Latvia/USSR            1907        1945        2520        ....
Pfeiffer           Gerhard        West Germany           1923        ....        2480        ....
Pietzsch           Wolfgang       East Germany           1930        ....        2440        ....
Pillsbury          Harry          United States          1872        1906        2630        ....
Pilnik             Hermann        Germany/Argentina      1914        ....        2520        2435
Pirc               Vasja          Yugoslavia             1907        ....        2540        ....
Plater             Kazimierz      Poland                 1915        ....        2410        ....
Pleci              Isaias         Argentina              1907        ....        2460        ....
Pollock            William        England                1859        1896        2400        ....
Polugaevsky        Lev            Soviet Union           1934        ....        2605        2620
Pomar Salamanca    Arturo         Spain                  1931        ....        2490        2420
Popiel             Ignatz         Austria                1863        1943        2350        ....
Popov              Luben          Bulgaria               1936        ....        2470        2435
Porath             Josef          Poland/Israel          1909        ....        2415        2345
Porges             Moritz         Austria                1858        1909        2400        ....
Porreca            Giorgio        Italy                  1927        ....        2400        2295
Portisch           Lajos          Hungary                1937        ....        2630        2630
Post               Erhard         Germany                1881        1947        2480        ....
Potter             William        England                1840        1895        2480        ....
Prins              Lodewijk       Holland                1913        ....        2480        ....
Prokes             Ladislav       Bohemia                1884        1966        2400        ....
Przepiorka         David          Poland                 1880        1942        2470        ....
Puc                Stojan         Yugoslavia             1921        ....        2490        2365
Purdy              Cecil          Australia              1907        ....        2400        ....
Rabar              Braslav        Yugoslavia             1919        1973        2510        ....
Rabinovich         Ilya           Russia                 1891        1942        2530        ....
Ragosin            Viacheslav     Soviet Union           1908        1962        2550        ....
Reggio             Arturo         Italy                  1863        1917        2400        ....
Rejfir             Josef          Czechoslovakia         1909        1962        2480        ....
Rellstab           Ludwig         West Germany           1904        ....        2490        2235
Reshevsky          Samuel         Poland/USA             1911        ....        2680        2490
Rethy              Pal            Hungary                1905        1962        2460        ....
Reti               Richard        Hungary/Czechoslovakia 1889        1929        2550        ....
Rey Ardid          Ramon          Spain                  1903        ....        2480        ....
Richter            Kurt           East Germany           1900        1969        2480        ....
Richter            Emil           Czechoslovakia         1894        1971        2450        ....
Riemann            Fritz          Germany                1859        1932        2450        ....
Robatsch           Karl           Austria                1928        ....        2470        2430
Rodl               Ludwig         West Germany           1907        1970        2480        ....
Romanovsky         Peter          Soviet Union           1892        1964        2480        ....
Rosenthal          Samuel         Poland/France          1837        1902        2470        ....
Rosselli del Turco Stefano        Italy                  1877        1947        2400        ....
Rossetto           Hector         Argentina              1922        ....        2500        2405
Rossolimo          Nicholas       Russia/USA             1910        1975        2540        ....
Rotlevi            Georg          Poland                 1889        1920        2480        ....
Rousseau           Eugene         France/USA             ....        ....        2370        ....
Rubinstein         Akiba          Poland/Belgium         1882        1961        2640        ....
Ryumin             Nikolai        Russia                 1908        1942        2510        ....
Sacconi            Antonio        Italy                  1895        1968        2420        ....
Saemisch           Friedrich      West Germany           1896        1975        2490        ....
Saint Amant        Pierre         France                 1800        1873        2400        ....
Sajtar             Jaroslav       Czechoslovakia         1921        ....        2470        ....
Salwe              George         Poland                 1860        1920        2500        ....
Sanchez            Luis           Colombia               1917        ....        2430        2260
Sandor             Bela           Hungary                1919        1978        2465        2330
Sanguinetti        Raul           Argentina              1933        ....        2520        2485
Sarapu             Ortvin         New Zealand            1924        ....        2410        2290
Scafarelli         Francesco      Italy                  1933        ....        2430        ....
Schallopp          Emil           Germany                1843        1919        2450        ....
Schiffers          Emanuel        Russia                 1850        1904        2490        ....
Schlechter         Carl           Austria                1874        1918        2600        ....
Schmid             Lothar         West Germany           1928        ....        2550        2520
Schmidt            Paul           Estonia/USA            1916        ....        2500        ....
Schottlander       Arnold         Germany                1854        1909        2410        ....
Schulten           John           United States          1821        1875        2335        ....
Schwarz            Adolph         Hungary/Austria        1836        1910        2475        ....
Schwarz            Jaques         Germany/Austria        1856        1921        2440        ....
Seitz              Adolph         Germany                1898        1970        2410        ....
Selesniev          Alexei         Russia                 1888        1965        2470        ....
Shamkovich         Leonid         USSR/USA               1923        ....        2520        2485
Sherwin            James          United States          1933        ....        2455        2370
Shories            George         England                1874        1934        2430        ....
Showalter          Jackson        United States          1860        1935        2470        ....
Shumov             Ilya           Russia                 1819        1881        2390        ....
Siaperas           Triantafyllos  Greece                 1932        ....        2350        ....
Simagin            Vladimir       Soviet Union           1919        1968        2530        ....
Simonson           Albert         United States          1915        1965        2430        ....
Sliwa              Bogdan         Poland                 1922        ....        2440        ....
Smederevac         Petar          Yugoslavia             1922        ....        2450        2435
Smyslov            Vasily         Soviet Union           1921        ....        2690        2575
Soultanbeieff      Victor         Belgium                1895        1972        2370        ....
Spassky            Boris          Soviet Union           1937        ....        2680        2630
Spielmann          Rudolf         Austria                1883        1942        2560        ....
Stahlberg          Gideon         Sweden                 1908        1967        2590        ....
Stanley            Charles        England/USA            1819        1894        2380        ....
Staunton           Howard         England                1810        1874        2520        ....
Stein              Leonid         Soviet Union           1934        1973        2620        ....
Steiner            Endre          Hungary                1901        1944        2490        ....
Steiner            Lajos          Hungary/Australia      1903        1975        2480        ....
Steiner            Herman         Hungary/USA            1905        1955        2450        ....
Steinitz           Wilhelm        Bohemia                1836        1900        2650        ....
Sterk              Karoly         Hungary                1881        1946        2410        ....
Stoltz             Gosta          Sweden                 1904        1963        2520        ....
Suchting           Hugo           Germany                1874        1916        2450        ....
Suetin             Alexey         Soviet Union           1926        ....        2560        2535
Suhle              Berthold       Germany                1837        1904        2440        ....
Sultan Khan        Mir            Pakistan               1905        1966        2530        ....
Swiderski          Rudolph        Germany                1878        1909        2490        ....
Szabados           Eugenio        Hungary/Italy          1898        1974        2350        ....
Szabo              Laszlo         Hungary                1917        ....        2610        2515
Szekely            Jeno           Hungary                1886        1946        2385        ....
Szen               Jozsef         Hungary                1800        1857        2450        ....
Szilagyi           Gyorgy         Hungary                1921        ....        2420        2365
Szily              Jozsef         Hungary                1921        ....        2420        2365
Taimanov           Mark           Soviet Union           1926        ....        2600        2530
Takacs             Sandor         Hungary                1893        1932        2470        ....
Tal                Mikhail        Latvia/USSR            1936        ....        2700        2625
Tarrasch           Siegbert       Germany                1862        1934        2610        ....
Tartakower         Savielly       Poland/France          1887        1956        2560        ....
Taubenhaus         Jean           Poland/France          1850        1919        2480        ....
Teichmann          Richard        Germany                1868        1925        2570        ....
Teschner           Rudolph        West Germany           1922        ....        2480        2425
Thomas             George         Turkey/England         1881        1972        2470        ....
Timman             January        Holland                1951        ....        2630        2585
Tinsley            Edward         England                1869        1937        2400        ....
Tolush             Alexander      Soviet Union           1910        1969        2560        ....
Torre Repetto      Carlos         Mexico                 1904        1978        2560        ....
Treybal            Karel          Bohemia                1885        1941        2490        ....
Trifunovic         Petar          Yugoslavia             1910        ....        2550        ....
Troianescu         Octav          Romania                1916        ....        2420        2295
Udovcic            Mijo           Yugoslavia             1920        ....        2500        ....
Ujtelky            Maximillian    Hungary/CSSR           1915        ....        2440        2280
Unzicker           Wolfgang       West Germany           1925        ....        2590        2525
Urosov             Sergei         Russia                 1827        1897        2450        ....
Vaitonis           Pavilas        Lithuania/Canada       1911        ....        2430        ....
Vajda              Arpad          Hungary                1896        1967        2480        ....
van den Berg       Carel          Holland                1924        1971        2400        ....
van Scheltinga     Theo           Holland                1914        ....        2440        2325
van Vliet          Louis          Holland                1870        1932        2400        ....
Veresov            Gavriil        Soviet Union           1912        ....        2470        ....
Verlinsky          Boris          Soviet Union           1887        1950        2480        ....
Vidmar             Milan          Austria/Yugoslavia     1885        1962        2600        ....
Vidmar             Milan          Austria/Yugoslavia     1909        ....        2460        ....
Vladimirov         Boris          Soviet Union           1929        ....        2470        2445
von Balla          Zoltan         Hungary                1883        1945        2450        ....
von Bardeleben     Curt           Germany                1861        1924        2510        ....
von der Lasa       Tassilo        Germany                1818        1899        2600        ....
von Gottschall     Hermann        Germany                1862        1933        2400        ....
von Holzhausen     Walther        Germany                1876        1935        2410        ....
von Scheve         Theodor        Germany                1851        1922        2450        ....
Vukovic            Vladimir       Yugoslavia             1898        1975        2450        ....
Wade               Robert         New Zealand/England    1921        ....        2380        2335
Wagner             Heinrich       West Germany           1888        1959        2490        ....
Walbrodt           Carl           Holland/Germany        1871        1902        2530        ....
Walker             George         England                1803        1879        2360        ....
Weinstein          Raymond        United States          1941        ....        2480        ....
Weiss              Max            Hungary/Austria        1857        1927        2540        ....
Wexler             Bernardo       Argentina              1925        ....        2410        ....
Whitaker           Norman         United States          1890        1975        2420        ....
Williams           Elijah         England                1809        1854        2450        ....
Winawer            Simon          Poland                 1838        1920        2530        ....
Winter             William        England                1898        1955        2460        ....
Wisker             John           England                1846        1884        2420        ....
Wittek             Alexander      Austria                1852        1894        2440        ....
Wolf               Heinrich       Austria                1875        1940        2500        ....
Wolf               Siegfried      Austria                1867        1951        2330        ....
Wyvill             Marmaduke      England                1814        1896        2460        ....
Yanofsky           Daniel         Poland/Canada          1925        ....        2530        2420
Yates              Frederick      England                1884        1932        2470        ....
Yudovich           Mikhail        Soviet Union           1911        ....        2480        2400
Zaitsev            Alexander      Soviet Union           1935        1971        2550        ....
Zinkl              Adolph         Austria                1871        ....        2430        ....
Zinn               Lothar         East Germany           1938        ....        2420        2365
Zita               Franticek      Czechoslovakia         1909        ....        2460        ....
Znosko-Borovsky    Eugene         Russia/France          1884        1954        2450        ....
Zukertort          Johannes       Poland/England         1842        1888        2600        ....